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How to navigate economic uncertainty in Nigeria through adaptive strategies for wealth preservation 

October 24, 2023
Economy , Investment

Economic uncertainty in Nigeria can be attributed to several factors. One major factor is the country’s heavy reliance on oil exports. Nigeria is one of the largest oil producers in Africa, and fluctuations in global oil prices can have a significant impact on the economy. When oil prices are high, Nigeria experiences economic growth, but when prices drop, the economy suffers. 

Political instability is another contributor to economic uncertainty. Frequent changes in government leadership, corruption, and inadequate governance can create an uncertain business environment, causing a drought in both domestic and foreign investments. This uncertainty hinders economic growth and development. 

Infrastructure challenges also play a role. Insufficient power supply, poor road networks, and limited access to clean water and healthcare services pose significant obstacles to economic progress. These issues limit productivity, increase costs for businesses, and impede overall economic stability. 

Additionally, Nigeria faces demographic challenges, including a rapidly growing population and high youth unemployment rates. The lack of job opportunities and income inequality worsen economic uncertainty, leading to social unrest and economic strains. 

Addressing economic uncertainty in Nigeria requires a multifaceted approach. Diversifying the economy by promoting non-oil sectors such as agriculture, manufacturing, and technology can help reduce dependence on oil revenues. Improving governance and transparency, tackling corruption, and enhancing the business environment will attract more investment and foster economic stability.  

Investments in infrastructure development, such as power generation and transportation networks, are essential to boost productivity and facilitate economic growth. Also, implementing policies that promote job creation, entrepreneurship, and skills development can improve employment prospects and reduce income inequality. 

Overall, mitigating economic uncertainty in Nigeria requires a combination of economic reforms, political stability, infrastructure development, and investment in human capital. By addressing these challenges, Nigeria can work towards achieving sustainable and inclusive economic growth. 

Economic uncertainty in Nigeria is a constant phenomenon 

Nigeria has faced its fair share of economic uncertainties over the years. From fluctuations in oil prices, as mentioned earlier, which have a significant impact on government revenue, to political instability and security concerns, the nation’s economic landscape is characterised by unpredictability. But what is the way out?  

How to navigate economic uncertainty in Nigeria through adaptive strategies for wealth preservation 
The power of diversification  

One of the key strategies employed by Nigerians to mitigate economic uncertainty is diversification. While many individuals and businesses have historically relied on oil-related income, the unpredictability of this revenue stream has led to a shift in focus.  

But it is interesting to see how Nigerians are exploring alternative investment opportunities. It showcases the sectors they are diversifying into, such as agriculture, real estate, and the growing tech sector. Detailed case studies demonstrate the experiences of individuals and businesses that have spread their investments across various sectors to weather economic storms successfully. 

In other words, by investing in different types of assets, individuals can spread their risk and reduce the impact of economic uncertainties. For example, if one investment performs poorly, other investments may still provide returns, helping to balance out potential losses.  

The role of entrepreneurship 

Entrepreneurship is thriving in Nigeria despite economic uncertainty. The country has seen a surge in startups and small businesses, driven by innovative ideas and a desire to create self-sustaining income streams.  

The growth of the entrepreneurial landscape underscores the critical role played by entrepreneurs in contributing to economic growth and safeguarding their financial futures through diversification. 

How to navigate economic uncertainty in Nigeria through adaptive strategies for wealth preservation 
Wealth preservation through education 

Financial literacy and education play a vital role in wealth preservation. It is pertinent that efforts made by Nigerians to seek knowledge about personal finance, investment strategies, and risk management are maintained. There are avenues like podcasts that shift appetites and provide more context into the role of financial enlightenment.   

Embracing digital financial solutions 

The digital revolution is transforming the financial landscape in Nigeria. Fintech companies are offering a wide range of services, from mobile banking to investment platforms.   


Investments such as stocks, bonds, and equities can help Nigerians navigate economic uncertainties in several ways. 

Growth potential: Investments in stocks, bonds, and equities have the potential to generate higher returns compared to traditional savings accounts. They provide an opportunity for Nigerians to grow wealth and stay ahead of inflation (which rose to 26.72% in September) and can be crucial during uncertain economic times. 

Income generation: Some investments, such as dividend-paying stocks and bonds, can provide a regular income stream. This can be particularly beneficial during economic uncertainties when other sources of income may be affected. 

Long-term financial goals: Investments can assist in achieving long-term financial goals, such as retirement planning or education fund. By starting early and staying invested, you can benefit from the power of compounding, which allows your investments grow over time. 

Hedging against inflation: Inflation erodes the purchasing power of money over time. Investing in assets like stocks and equities that have the potential to outpace inflation can help you maintain value of your wealth and protect from the negative effects of rising prices. 

Let’s use practical numbers to illustrate how stocks, bonds, and equities can help hedge against inflation. 

Assume you have ₦1,000,000 to invest and the annual inflation rate is 5%. 

Stocks: Historically, stocks have provided higher returns compared to inflation. Let’s assume you invest ₦500,000 in a diversified portfolio of stocks that generates an average annual return of 10%. 

After one year

– Your initial investment of ₦500,000 would grow to ₦550,000 (₦500,000 * 1.10). 

– Inflation would cause the value of ₦1,000,000 to decrease to ₦950,000 (₦1,000,000 * 0.95). 

Bonds: Bonds are fixed-income instruments that provide a predetermined interest rate. Let’s assume you invest ₦300,000 in FGN bonds with an annual interest rate of 7%. 

After one year

– Your initial investment of ₦300,000 would generate ₦21,000 in interest (₦300,000 * 0.07). 

– Inflation would cause the value of ₦1,000,000 to decrease to ₦950,000 (₦1,000,000 * 0.95). 

The interest received helps offset the loss in purchasing power caused by inflation. 

Equities: Equities represent ownership in a company, such as shares of stock. Let’s assume you invest ₦200,000 in a well-performing company that provides an average annual return of 12%. 

After one year

– Your initial investment of ₦200,000 would grow to ₦224,000 (₦200,000 * 1.12). 

– Inflation would cause the value of ₦1,000,000 to decrease to ₦950,000 (₦1,000,000 * 0.95). 

Overall, you will have gained ₦95,000 from your investment diversification, growing your portfolio to a total value of ₦1,095,000, which is better than leaving in a low-yielding savings account or worse yet, idle for inflation to erode.  

Interestingly, when it comes to finding the best platform for investment, Coronation Securities and Coronation Asset Management stand out as reliable and reputable option, we are your Prosperity Partner.  

With our extensive experience and expertise in the financial markets, Coronation Securities offers a range of investment opportunities that can help you hedge against inflation and achieve your financial goals. 

By choosing Coronation, you gain access to a platform that provides a diverse selection of stocks, bonds, and equities, allowing you build a well-rounded investment portfolio. Our team of knowledgeable professionals can also offer personalised advice and recommendations tailored to your investment objectives. 

Reach out here for one of our financial advisors to contact you. 

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